Question 1 (4 points) (Government: Rule by the People MC) What is a feature of a republic? (4 points) a Leaders have unlimited power. b Citizens make decisions directly. c Leaders change the constitution. d Citizens elect representatives. Question 2 (4 points) (Government: Rule by One MC) Which of the following describes a dictatorship? (4 points) a The country is led by a king or queen. b The political leader has unlimited power. c The leader is selected through free elections. d The citizens remain loyal due to tradition. Question 3 (4 points) (From Discovery to War: Modern Reform and Independence MC) What did the independence movements of Belize and Jamaica have in common? (4 points) a They were both American colonies. b They were both British colonies. c They were both French colonies. d They were both Japanese colonies. Question 4 (4 points) (From Discovery to War: Modern Reform and Independence HC) The French reacted to Algeria's independence movement with violence. Which nation had a similar experience? (4 points) a Belize b India c Korea d Vietnam Question 5 (4 points) (From Discovery to War: Japan and World War II LC) What was the purpose of the Potsdam Declaration? (4 points) a To announce the terms of Japan's surrender b To create a plan of attack on the Axis Powers c To draft an agreement to split France into regions d To form a treaty between Germany and Italy Question 6 (4 points) (From Discovery to War: Japan and World War II MC) Which of the following explains why the United States declared war on Japan? (4 points) a The Battle of Midway b The Pearl Harbor attack c The Potsdam Declaration d The Yalta Conference Question 7 (4 points) (The Enlightenment and Revolution: The Age of Enlightenment MC) Which of the following explains the ideas of the Baron de Montesquieu? (4 points) a All people have basic natural rights. b Social order should be founded on reason. c Government power should be separated. d The Church is the source of knowledge. Question 8 (4 points) (The Enlightenment and Revolution: The Age of Enlightenment HC) Use the excerpt to answer the following question: "Anyone who has the power to make you believe absurdities (nonsense) has the power to make you commit injustices."~Voltaire, The Philosophical Dictionary What idea does Voltaire support in this quote? (4 points) a Belief in God b Rational thinking c Societal change d Popular sovereignty Question 9 (4 points) (The Enlightenment and Revolution: It Was the Best of Times, It Was the Worst of Times LC) Why do the French celebrate Bastille Day? (4 points) a It marks the beginning of the period of Great Fear. b It marks the beginning of the French Revolution. c It marks the beginning of the Reign of Terror. d It marks the beginning of the National Convention. Question 10 (4 points) (The Enlightenment and Revolution: It Was the Best of Times, It Was the Worst of Times MC) Which of the following explains how Robespierre challenged the ideas of the Enlightenment? (4 points) a He crowned himself Emperor of France. b He limited the freedoms of the people. c He plotted with members of the Directory. d He was a soldier during the Reign of Terror. Question 11 (10 points) (Government: Religious Rule MC) Answer the following question with at least three complete sentences. Be sure to use specific examples from the lessons in your answer. Describe how a government may be both a theocracy and a monarchy. Be sure to include limits to governmental authority and civil liberties. (10 points) Your answer: Question 12 (10 points) (From Discovery to War: Modern Reform and Independence MC) Compare the path to independence for two former colonies of Africa or Asia. Explain one way they were similar and one way they were different. Use facts to support your answer. (10 points) Your answer:

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