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Which of the following is true of both nuclear fusion and nuclear fission? a. They both require a high energy input. b. They both occur without byproducts. c. They both have a high energy output. d. They both involve large atoms breaking into smaller atoms.


C
Both processes release tremendous amounts of energy.

Related Questions

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Which of the following is not an example of kinetic energy? mechanical energy nuclear energy electrical energy thermal energy

It is only mechanical energy that is kinetic energy while the other choices are not kinetic energy. Nuclear, electrical and thermal are other types of energy. Hope this answers the question. Have a nice day. Feel free to ask more questions.

Posted in Physics

In 2004 astronomers reported the discovery of a large Jupiter-sized planet orbiting very close to the star HD 179949 (hence the term "hot Jupiter"). The orbit was just 19 the distance of Mercury from our sun, and it takes the planet only 3.09 days to make one orbit (assumed to be circular). What is the mass of the star? Express your answer (a)in kilograms and (b)as a multiple of our sun's mass.

  I'll tell you how to do it but you must crunch the numbers. 

Use Kepler's 3rd Law 

T^2 = k R^3 

where k = 4(pi)^2/ GM 
G =gravitational constant = 6.67300 × 10-11 m3 kg-1 s-2 
M = mass of this new planet 
pi = 3.14159265 
T =3.09 days = 266976 seconds 
R = (579,000,000km)/9 = 64333333.3 km 

a) 
Solve Kepler's 3rd Law for M. Your answer will be in kg 


b) 
mass of the sun = 1.98892 × 10^30 kilograms 
Form the ratio 
M(planet)/M(sun) 

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Nuclear reactions result in tremendous amounts of a. uranium. b. energy. c. fission. d. mass.

I believe the correct answer from the choices listed above is option B. Nuclear reactions result in tremendous amounts of energy. nuclear reaction is considered to be the process in which two nuclear particles interact to produce two or more nuclear particles or ˠ-rays. Hope this answers the question.

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Where do plants get energy to live and grow?

From the sun, i think thats what it is. 

Posted in Physics

Will upvote!! True or False- The parts of a mixture keep their own properties when they are combined.

I believe the correct answer is false. The parts of a mixture do not keep their own properties when they are combined. When they are combined, they exhibit or behave with different properties since each atom is bonded which gives them unique properties. Hope this helps.

Posted in Physics

Explain Why must a cooling system do work to transfer thermal energy?

Although internal energy will not spontaneously flow from a cold region to a hot region, it can be forced to do so by doing work on the system.Refrigerators and heat pumps are examples of heat engines which cause energy to be transferred from a cold area to a hot area. Usually this is done with the aid of a phase change, i.e., a refrigerant liquid is forced to evaporate and extract energy from the cold area. Then it is compressed and forced to condense in the hot area, dumping its heat of vaporization into the hot area. ARE YOU FROM K12?

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Which is an example of transforming potential energy to kinetic energy? Check all that apply. changing thermal energy to electrical energy changing chemical energy to thermal energy changing nuclear energy to radiant energy changing radiant energy to electrical energy changing mechanical energy to chemical energy

When we say potential energy, this is the energy at rest. And kinetic energy is the energy at motion. So, here are the examples of energy that is transforming from potential energy to kinetic energy: changing thermal energy to electrical energy, and changing radiant energy to electrical energy. Hope this answer helps.

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If you increase the force on an item without changing the mass you increase acceleration? true or false?

(F)(M)=A
Force times Mass equals Acceleration.
The answer is TRUE. 
If the mass increases the number on the left side of the equation increases, thus increasing the right side as well.

Posted in Physics

If two carts collide, what type of collision will conserve both momentum and kinetic energy? a. head on b. perfectly inelastic c. none d. perfectly elastic

The appropriate answer is d. perfectly elastic. When a perfectly elastic collision occurs both momentum and kinetic energy are preserved. Momentum is the mass of an object times its velocity while kinetic energy is the energy that a moving object has due to its motion. In an elastic collision kinetic energy would be converted to some other form of energy. 

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Crystals can have _____ bonds between their atoms. ionic covalent metallic all types of

Answer;

All types of

Crystals can have all types of  bonds between their atoms.

Explanation;

  • Crystals are solid materials which contains atoms, molecules or ions that are arranged in a complex structure forming a crystal lattice.
  • Crystals may have all types of bonds, these includes; ionic bonds, formed as a result of transfer between a metallic bond and a non-metal atom, Covalent bond, formed as a result of sharing electrons between non metal atoms, hydrogen bonds, metallic bonds Van der Waals bonds, etc.

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W many atoms of nitrogen are in the chemical formula Ni(NO3)2

There are 2 atoms of nitrogen in that chemical formula.

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A substance made of one or more atoms of a single type is a ?

An element is a substance made up of only one type of atom.

Posted in Physics

physical changes occur when existing bonds break and new bonds form

A physical change is any change that alters the form or appearance of a substance but does not change it into another substance 
-Some of the physical properties may be altered, but the chemical composition stays the same 
-Examples: Bending, Crushing, Cutting, Melting, Freezing, Boiling

Posted in Physics

When would the temperature and thermal energy of an object differ?

The difference between temperature and thermal energy is that temperature measures the average kinetic speed of molecule and thermal energy is the total kinetic energy of all particles in a given substance.

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Which makes fast-moving water a greater force of erosion? A. greater heat capacity B. greater energy C. increased density D. greater oxidation

Answer:

B. Greater energy

Explanation:

Fast moving water is very energetic as its can displace very large rocks, boulders and make pebbles and sand out of them through the process r erosion. Fast moving water have kinetic energy, it opposes anything that come in its way. As river make its own channel by eroding plane. Many antecedent rivers have make their channel by cutting large mountains too.

Posted in Physics

Consider the following geometric solids. A sphere with a ratio of surface area to volume equal to 0.08 m-1. A right circular cylinder with a ratio of surface area to volume equal to 2.1 m-1. What results would you expect if these two models were compared in a diffusion test? A. The rate of diffusion would be the same for the two models. B. The rate of diffusion would be faster for the right cylinder. C. The rate of diffusion would be slower for the right cylinder. D. The rate of diffusion would be faster for the sphere.

Before answering this question, first we have to understand the effect of ratio of surface area to volume on the rate of diffusion.

The rate of diffusion for a body having larger surface area as compared to the ratio of surface area to volume will be more than a body having less surface area. Mathematically it can written as-

                           V∝ R            [ where v is the rate of diffusion and r is the ratio of surface area to volume]

As per the question,the ratio of surface area to volume for a sphere is given 0.08m^{-1}

The surface area to volume ratio for right circular cylinder is given 2.1m^{-1}

Hence, it is obvious that the ratio is more for right circular cylinder.As the rate diffusion is directly proportional to the surface area to volume ratio,hence rate of diffusion will be more for right circular cylinder.

Hence the correct option is B. The rate of diffusion would be faster for the right cylinder.


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When an electric current is passed through water during the process of electrolysis, two gases are formed. One gas has a boiling point of -183 degrees celsius and the other has a boiling point of -253 degrees celsius. Has a physical change or a chemical change occurred? Explain.

The chemical change occurred. Electrolysis is used by scientists to make chemical reactions that wouldnt normaly spontaniously ocur. In this case we are getting new gases from water molecul which is change in structure of elements ( we are getting new moleculs)

Posted in Physics

Nuclear power plants in use today rely on ________.

I believe it is fission reactions to generate heat to boiling water

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1. In the circuit shown below, with each bulb holding a resistance of 100 ohms, how many amps of current are flowing? Express your number as a decimal. (See Figure) 2. Protons have positive charge, neutrons have negative charge, and electrons have no charge. A. True B. False 3. A complete electric circuit includes a voltage source, current, wires, and something to _________ the flow of current.

These are 3 questions and 3 answers.

Question 1.

Answer: I = 0.01 A

Explanation:

a) Data:

i) Type of circuit: series

ii) R₁ = 100 Ω

ii) R₂ = 100 Ω

iii) V = 2 V

iv) I = ?

b) Formulas

i) Equivalent resistance, R = R₁ + R₂

ii) Ohm's law, V = IR

c) Solution

i) R = 100Ω + 100Ω = 200Ω

ii) I = V / R = 2 V / 200Ω = 0.01 A

Question 2)

Answer: False.

Explanation:

The nuclear model of the atom states that the atom is neutral, and consists of a nucleus, which holds the protons and the neutrons, and the electrons which are around the nucleous (in regions called orbintals).

The electrons are negatively charged and the protons are positively charged.

The magnitudes of the charges of both electrons and protons are equal.

Therefore, for the atom be neutral, the neutrons cannot have charge.

Question 3.

Answer: oppose (or resist).

Explanation:

1) The most basic electrical circuit consists of a 1) potential difference (voltage) source, which gives the "impulse" to the charge to flow, 2) the wire, which is the medium through which the charge flows), and 3) a resistor.

The resistor is the element with "resistance" to the flow of charge, this is it resists or oppose the flow of charge.

Some components, like motors, filaments, buzzers, which content or are resistors per se, transform the current (flow of charge) in other useful forms of energy (motion, light, heat, sound).

The resistor meets Ohm's law which states R = V / I, at constant temperature.

Posted in Physics

When an electron moves from a lower to a higher energy level the electron?

A photon is absorbed

your question is incomplete, please consider revising it.

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